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[原创]通过ABX PENTRA系列串口代码含义解释血球仪串口接收分析

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郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-13 16:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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最早有把血球仪的数据传送到电脑里的概念是在98年,那个时候感觉直方图的含义要远远大于数字含义,曾尝试着用电脑接收数据,当接收过来之后,很明显的ASCII码,对照原来的结果直接就可以看出来,也就没有细研究。等到了99年,四军医的老师在交谈中,希望接收串口数据并解释成带有中文报告的数据库,不知道如何处理接收语句。当我询问他打算用什么语言来编写程序的时候,回答是BASIC,于是毫不犹豫地告诉他语句:OPEN COM1 9600,8,1 AS。。。。。。结果,不久就来电话,说用的是VB,不认这种老式的语言。呵呵,于是,打开自己安装的VB ,找到COMM控件,告诉他怎么用,等我再去医院的时候,已经看到了中文报告系统,但没有直方图数据,理由是不需要,报告单上也没有地方。到了2000年,这种串口接收有了一个堂而皇之名字:LIS。询问也就多了起来。整体来看,项目数据的解读好像都没有问题,FLAG旗标和提示就存在问题了,直方图和散点图 问题最大。遇到很多检验科的老师自行解读的时候,现场询问,一般都能给予正确的解答,因为有原机的输出结果和接收结果对照,但在网络上,我很少解答,原因以前的帖子已经说过了,纯商业行为也就没必要免费解答。再说,也不是什么难的事情。

国内的LIS软件对于图形的解释我没看好,跟原机输出的比对总是有差别,甚至差别很大,也就没有了参考价值。而对维修人员来说,图形说明一切,与原机输出存在差别,特别是关键地方存在差别是很误事的。主要问题在于旗标和提示没用,界标不准确,坐标乱画,图形长宽比例严重失调。

从这点上也反应了一个问题,编程人员知识的不全面,经验不足,有的根本不是程序员,而是简单的自学,难度自然增大。

下面从ABX的代码解释举例说明,要说明的是此帖可能需要几天完成,不要希望得到详细的内容,仅仅提供一个思路,不解答任何提问,如要讨论,请另外发新主题帖。

看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
电话:13991827712
 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-13 21:53 | 显示全部楼层

所有的血球串口格式都遵循ASTM标准,ABX格式和SYSMEX格式都是根据这个标准演化来的,除了老的设备,现有的格式都是据此为原则的。

下面以ABX的举例说明: abx.txt (1.45 KB, 下载次数: 32558)

这是一组ABX的串口接受数据,一串数字开始也就是序列号,以版本号加校验码结束。字符串长度根据数据量的多少会有长度的变化,比如空白测试的数据和标本测试的数据相差很多。

下图是ABX WBC直方图的示例。

1.jpg

这里有1、2、3、4、5一共5个界标,在COULTER当中,前三个是都采用的,而在ABX当中,前三个合并成一个点,4、5则是两个界标。这组数据以下面的形式存在于数据的倒数第5行

] 000 000 000 030 042加回车。这5组数据分别对应1、2、3、4、5这5个界标,从这组数据可以看出,1、2、3都是000,也就是一个点,L1区域在ABX中不使用。这个点就是白细胞直方图的起点,在没有调整的情况下是30FL,030是淋巴和中间细胞的界标,ABX当中是固定在100FL的,而042则是中间细胞与中性细胞的界标,这个位置是150FL,界标的数据确定下来了,那么如何在坐标上标注呢?血球上的直方图坐标,横坐标是体积用FL表示,横坐标是相对数量,一般采用128点阵表示,当然你也可以采用256,只有你能显示并打印出来,1024也未尝不可。长宽比列一般都采用2:1或者16:9,目的是方便观察者习惯。纵横坐标的交叉点就是0FL ,那么起点,外加两个坐标就可以清楚地标记出来了,界标线的画法一般以坐标区域的宽度为高度用虚线描绘,在编程当中这仅仅是一句话而已。而横坐标的标记则是每50FL为原则,标注则是第一个50FL和所有的100FL ,最后的标注在400--450FL停止,也就是说,座标区域最多显示450FL。
2.jpg

红细胞的两个界标线在串口数据中并不出现,但直接打印或者原厂的ASP01软件中却能够显示,原因很简单,这个界标线是通过PDW计算得来的,除非你利用厂家的公式进行曲线内百分比的取值,否则无法得出这两个界标线。没有这两个界标线并不影响使用,但在红细胞提示的时候,没有界标线很难直观的看出图形是否左右移动,从而方便的看出大小红细胞的问题。红细胞的直方图数据是256通道,从30Fl到300FL。
3.jpg
而在血小板中,就一个界标线,就是25FL这条,血小板的直方图数据是256通道,从2FL到无限,其实最大也就是30FL向外一点儿。


看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
电话:13991827712
 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-14 11:45 | 显示全部楼层

p60.txt (4.34 KB, 下载次数: 28011)


上一楼的TXT代码是MICROS的,这里的上传的是PENTRA的。这里明确给出了几个界标,看这组数据:

] 002 007 120 000 000    
^ 023 048
_ 098
` 017 062 120
a 015 018 048 026 118 022 075 078 002 002 002

每一行都是以回车结束的,这样便于区别,第一行是WBC的直方图界标,注意,PENTRA的WBC直方图并不是WBC/BASO的数据,而是鞘流电阻法检测的数据,从界标上看,1、2、3界标分别对应002,007,120,而4、5界标则是0,说明4、5并不使用。

第二行的^ 023 048则是红细胞的界标,这一点要比三分类好多了,给出了界标也有漂亮多了,观察方便多了。

第三行是血小板的界标,_ 098

第四行是:` 017 062 120这是WBC/BASO的三个界标,分别对应BAS1,BAS2,BAS3

第五行是:a 015 018 048 026 118 022 075 078 002 002 002这是散点图的界标。

下面解释一下WBC/BASO的界标。

  1.jpg
这是WBC/BASO的直方图,三个界标BAS1,BAS2,BAS3。但这个界标经常被用户调整,但有个原则,BAS3很少有人去改动,因此,可以根据BAS3代表的240FL来确定坐标标注依次来确定整个坐标。

而散点图也就是LMNE图比较复杂些,它是由 2048个区域(4096个ASCII代码)组成,散点图规矩在127*127的矩阵里面,在双数据格式(网织红细胞散点图)中,给出的数据是127*256的,也就是PENTRA120的格式,但这种长方形的结构看起来很难看,厂家给出了一个修正,就是纵坐标为吸光度通道,为256个,横坐标为电阻体积通道,为127个,但这里需要你做的是以横坐标通道宽度为依据,纵坐标每2个通道为一个通道,这样,纵坐标也就是128个通道了。这就形成了127*127的矩阵,加上外框,就是128*128的矩阵图了。

散点图是一个位图,也就是2048位图,PENTRA120网织红细胞的位图特殊一些,是128*16位的。

至于散点图的位数,在代码中已经给出,

$64 $20 lha$20$20$20$20$20 $20od$20$20$20$20$20$20 $20 128Y256X $20 10772
$20 data $0D
$65 $20 compress $20 uuencode $20128X128Y $20 05386 $20 data $0D

上面是两行例子,第一行表示位图是128Y轴,256X轴,也就是网织红细胞的位图,第二行表示128X轴128Y轴,非常清晰明了。

坐标矩阵建立之后,就可以描点了,LMNE的4096ASCII码的描点顺序是,矩阵图的从左往右,从上往下。

如下图,你可能会更清晰的认识: 

2.jpg

上图清晰的告诉你,这2048个通道是如何排列的,很形象的说就是在128*128的方框内刻划出2048个小格。说白了,2048组HEX数据,以16个一组为一行,总共128行。但这样虽然用完2048个HEX数据,但真正的描点并不这样描。而是把每行的16个HEX码转换成二进制,这样每行就变为16*8=128,也就成为128*128的方形散点图了。由于二进制只有0和1,所以被当做描点开关,0不描点,1描点。
3.jpg
上图就是LMNE散点图的界标。

有12个电阻法界标,分别是:NoL, NoN, NoE, LN,RN, LL, AL, LMU, LMD, LMN, MN, RM.

三个吸光度法界标,分别是:NL,NE, RMN.

还有三个分布区域,分别是FNE, FMN, FLN,用虚线表示。

被界标线围起来的区域就是分类项目,从下到上依次是:噪音,左(小)淋巴,淋巴,异淋,单核,右(大)单核。

左(小)中性,中性,右(大)中性。大单核和大中性被规定为LIC,也就是巨大不成熟细胞。

嗜酸细胞。

网织红细胞的散点图界标则有八个,横坐标分别是R1, R2, R3, R4.纵坐标分别是F1, F2, F3, F4.

图框如下:

4.jpg
看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
电话:13991827712
 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-14 13:49 | 显示全部楼层

下面说一下ASCII代码中的划分,这里以 HEX代码为例。你看到的ASCII码在文本形式下以乱码形式显示,在HEX格式下却是很有规律的。

WBC的直方图从W标记开始一共是128位,以回车符结束。这样就成为HEX码为0A57,ASCII码为W的两位码开始,中间是128位数据,结束是一位回车OD。$57 W WBC Amplitude of each channel 2+128+1

5.jpg

这是HEX编辑器看到的情况。

下面依次类推:
$58 X RBC Amplitude of each channel 2+128+1 红细胞以0A58开始,128位后以0D结束。
$59 Y Plt Amplitude of each channel 2+128+1 血小板以0A59开始,128位后以0D结束。
$5A Z Basophils Amplitude of each channel 2+128+1 WBC/BASO以0A5A开始,128位后以0D结束。
$5B [ Lmne matrix Screen bitmap 2+4096+1 LMNE散点图以0A5B开始,4096位后以0D结束。

6.jpg

这是HEX的结果。
$5C \ Reticulocyte matrix Screen bitmap 2+4096+1 网织红细胞以0A5C开始,4096位后以0D结束。

这里不一一举例了,回去大家自己接受数据寻找就是。

各个界标在这里寻找:
$5D ] WBC thresholds 5 thresholds 1+20+1 WBC界标,以0A5D开始一共20位,以20空格结束。上面我所说的3位,实际上指的是ASCII码,空格是显示不出来的。例如.] 002 007 120 000 000 对应HEX为0A5D203030322030303720313230203030302030303020

$5E ^ RBC thresholds 2 thresholds 1+8+1 RBC界标,以0A5E开始一共8位,以20空格结束。

例如:.^ 023 048 对应HEX为:0A5E203032332030343820
$5F _ PLT thresholds 1 threshold 1+4+1 PLT界标以0A5F开始,一共4位,以0D回车结束。

例如:._ 098.对应HEX为:0A5F203039380D
$60 ‘ Basophil thresholds 3 thresholds 1+12+1 WBC/BASO界标,以0A60开始,一共12位,以0D回车结束,例如.` 017 062 120.对应HEX为:0A602030313720303632203132300D
$61 a Lmne matrix thresholds
12 RES thresholds, 6 ABS thresholds
(3 of them give the proximity
flags: FLN, FMN, FNE)
1+72+1

LMNE界标以0A61开始,一共72位,以0D回车结束,例如:.a 015 018 048 026 118 022 075 078 002 002 002..f..g..p .对应HEX为:0A6120303135203031382030343820303236203131382030323220303735203037382030303220303032203030320D0A660D0A670D0A702030310D
$62 b
Reticulocyte matrix
thresholds
4 CIS thresholds, 4 OFL thresholds 1+32+1这是网织红细胞
$63 c Double matrix Lmne screen bitmap 2+8192+1这是双散点位图
$64 d Lmne matrix extended format see description这是LMNE扩展格式,一下图形数据都是在传送RAW数据后才能得到的。
$65 e Reticulocyte matrix extended format see description网织红细胞扩展位图
$6C l WBC extended format see description WBC扩展位图
$6D m RBC extended format see description RBC扩展位图
$6E n PLT extended format see description PLT扩展位图
$6F o BASO extended format see description WBC/BASO扩展位图。


我个人认为,几乎所有的血球都提供RAW格式的数据传送,而图形的解析往往用RAW格式要比用直接传送过来的格式要容易的多,我不明白为什么大家拼命的去解释直接传送的数据,而不看看RAW数据呢?

看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
电话:13991827712
 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-14 15:31 | 显示全部楼层

下面的代码划分好像不用说都能看出来:

$70 p Analyzer number 01 2+2+1 Integers required 分析仪代码:2位
$75 u Id # or sample id. 1450302154275-42 2+16+1 String(16) required 样本编号16位
$76 v Id. or patient name SMITH Ronald 2+30+1 String(30) required 病人姓名30位
$77 w Birth date YYYYMMDD 2+8+1 nnnnnnnn optional 8 出生日期8位
$78 x Age 7d or 4w or 10m or 54y or 100 2+3+1 String(3) advised 9 年龄3位,支持d-天,w--周,y--年,m--月等表现形式
$79 y Sex 0, 1 or 2 2+1+1 String(1) advised 10 性别1位

例如1: Male, 2: Female
$7A z Origin x 2+1+1 String(1) optional 
$7B { Doctor Dr Jones 2+15+1 String(15) optional 医生15位
$7C | Department Cardiology 2+10+1 String(10) optional 科室10位
$7D } Collection date 06/08/99 13h15 2+14+1 nn/nn/nn nnhnn optional 11标本测试日期和时间,14位

$7E ~ Comments 2+32+1 String(32) optional 注释32位
$7F Blood type man 2+16+1 String(16) optional 12 标本形式16位对应正常值范围,例如,男人,女人,儿童,老人等等
$80 ç Analysis type A 2+1+1 String(1) advised 13 分析形式1位

例如:'A': CBC
'B': DIF (CBC+DIF)五分类
'C': RET网织红
'D': LMG (CBC+LMG)三分类
'E': CBR (CBC+RET)计数加网织红
'F': DIR (CBC+DIF+RET)计数加网织红加分类
'G': SPS Etalement lame sans analyse推片分析
'@': Resampling and reflex testing重做
$89 ë SPS smearing mode ECC 2+3+1 String(3) optional 14 SPS推片模式

例如E: Smearing 推片
S: Staining染色
C: Criteria标准
$8A è SPS smearing profile 65G4 2+4+1 String(4) optional 15SPS推片轮廓
$8B ïPatient identification200205125751 2+30+1 String(30) advised 16病人诊断

下面是报头显示的字符表示的含义:

RESULT Hematological result transmission on a routine mode正常结果
RES-RRHematological result transmission on automatic re-sampling mode重测结果
REASSESS Result transmission of a recalculated sample using the recalculation user function P80/XL80: Not transmitted 结果重传
QC-RES-H Result transmission of a high level control blood P80/XL80: Not transmitted高值质控
QC-RES-M Result transmission of a median level control blood P80/XL80: QC-L\M\H transmission中值质控
QC-RES-L Result transmission of a low level control blood P80/XL80: Not transmitted 低值质控
FILE Patient file request 病人文件请求
END Connection end 关闭连接
RES-BLK Blank cycle results P80 Only 空白测试结果。

下面的就不解释了,自己看吧

$70 p Analyzer number 01 2+2+1 Integers
$71 q Analysis date and time 03/01/05 13h15mn31s 2+19+1 String(19) 17
$72 r Analyzer run number 115 or 005CBC06 2+16+1 String(16) 18
$73 s Analyzer sequence number
$74 t Sampling mode M: manual (open tube)R: rack (close tube)2+1+1 String(1)
$75 u Id # or sample id. 1450302154275-42 2+16+1 String(16)
$76 v Id. or patient name SMITH Ronald 2+30+1 String(30)
$77 w Birth date 16/03/72 or 03161972 2+8+1 nn/nn/nn or nnnnnnnn 19
$78 x Age 7d or 4w or 10m or 54y or 100 2+3+1 String(3)
$79 y Sex 0, 1 or 2 2+1+1 String(1) 10
$7A z Origin x 2+1+1 String(1)
$7B { Doctor Dr Jones 2+15+1 String(15)
$7C | Department Cardiology 2+10+1 String(10)
$7D } Collection date 06/08/99 13h15 2+14+1 nn/nn/nn nnhnn 11
$7E ~ Comments 2+32+1 String(32)
$7F Blood type man 2+16+1 String(16) 12
$80 ç Analysis type A 2+1+1 String(1) 13
$81 ü Sample rack type 0: 10 positions 1: 15 positions 2: 32 positions 2+1+1 Integer
$82 é Number of runs 0, 1, ... 2+1+1 Integer
$83 â Operator code Bob 2+3+1 String(3)

 

R Parameter rejected for a counting default
B Incorrect balance between the counting methods P80: Not transmitted
S Suspicious parameter value
M Value input manually Pentra XL 80
D Value obtained by dilution Pentra XL 80
’space’ No anomaly observed

B (french)
or L (other languages)
Parameter < to the lower extreme value P80/XL80: Only «L»
b (french)
or l (other languages)
Parameter < to the low normal value P80/XL80: Only «l»
’space’ Parameter normal value
h Parameter > to the high normal value 高于正常范围,小写h
H Parameter > to the high extreme value高于危机值范围,大写H
C Platelet concentrate Pentra 80 V1.1 and above
O Parameter exceeding the capacity

这下面的就更不用说了:全是各个项目的值,好像不写出来也都能懂:

CBC模式下的数据

$21 ! WBC 07.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$32 2 RBC 04.64 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$33 3 Hgb 14.17 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$34 4 Hct 43.95 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$35 5 MCV 94.68 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$36 6 MCH 30.53 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$37 7 MCHC 32.24 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$38 8 RDW 12.98 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$40 @ PLT 00401 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$41 A MPV 07.94 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$42 B THT 0.318 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$43 C PDW 13.50 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

DIFF模式下的数据
$21 ! WBC 07.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$22 " Lymphocytes (#) 02.03 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$23 # Lymphocytes (%) 27.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$24 $ Monocytes (#) 00.70 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$25 % Monocytes (%) 09.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$28 ( Neutrophils (#) 04.51 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$29 ) Neutrophils (%) 60.90 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2A * Eosinophils (#) 00.13 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2B + Eosinophils (%) 01.70 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2C , Basophils (#) 00.04 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2D - Basophils (%) 00.60 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2E . Atypical Lymphocytes (#) 00.11 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2F / Atypical Lymphocytes (%) 01.49 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$30 0 Large Immature Cells (#) 00.03 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$31 1 Large Immature Cells (%) 00.43 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$32 2 RBC 04.64 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$33 3 Hgb 14.17 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$34 4 Hct 43.95 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$35 5 MCV 94.68 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$36 6 MCH 30.53 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$37 7 MCHC 32.24 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$38 8 RDW 12.98 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$40 @ PLT 00401 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$41 A MPV 07.94 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$42 B THT 0.318 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$43 C PDW 13.50 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

网织红细胞的数据

$32 2 RBC 04.64 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3B ; Reticulocytes (#) 0656 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3C < Reticulocytes (%) 01.41 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3D = Reticulocytes Low (%) 80.34 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3E > Reticulocytes Median (%) 14.96 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3F ? Reticulocytes High (%) 04.90 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$47 G Retic Immatures 00.02 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$48 H Mean fluorescent index (%) 17.97 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$49 I Mean reticulocyte vol. 107.5 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$4A J Corrected ret. count (%) 01.38 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$4C L IRF .0500 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

三分类模式下的数据

$21 ! WBC 07.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$22 " Lymphocytes (#) 02.03 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$23 # Lymphocytes (%) 27.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$24 $ Monocytes (#) 00.70 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$25 % Monocytes (%) 09.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$26 & Granulocytes (#) 04.67 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$27 ' Granulocytes (%) 63.20 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$32 2 RBC 04.64 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$33 3 Hgb 14.17 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$34 4 Hct 43.95 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$35 5 MCV 94.68 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$36 6 MCH 30.53 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$37 7 MCHC 32.24 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$38 8 RDW 12.98 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$40 @ PLT 00401 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$41 A MPV 07.94 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$42 B THT 0.318 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$43 C PDW 13.50 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

CBR模式下的数据

$21 ! WBC 07.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$32 2 RBC 04.64 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$33 3 Hgb 14.17 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$34 4 Hct 43.95 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$35 5 MCV 94.68 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$36 6 MCH 30.53 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$37 7 MCHC 32.24 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$38 8 RDW 12.98 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3B ; Reticulocytes (#) .0656 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3C < Reticulocytes (%) 01.41 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3D = Reticulocytes Low (%) 80.34 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3E > Reticulocytes Median (%) 14.96 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3F ? Reticulocytes High (%) 04.90 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$40 @ PLT 00401 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$41 A MPV 07.94 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$42 B THT 0.318 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$43 C PDW 13.50 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$47 G Retic Immatures 00.02 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$48 H Mean fluorescent index (%) 17.97 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$49 I Mean reticulocyte vol. 107.5 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$4A J Corrected ret. count (%) 01.38 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$4C L IRF .0500 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

CRP模式下增加的数据

$4B K C-Reactive protein .0600 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

DIR模式下的数据

$21 ! WBC 07.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$22 " Lymphocytes (#) 02.03 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$23 # Lymphocytes (%) 27.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$24 $ Monocytes (#) 00.70 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$25 % Monocytes (%) 09.40 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$28 ( Neutrophils (#) 04.51 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$29 ) Neutrophils (%) 60.90 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2A * Eosinophils (#) 00.13 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2B + Eosinophils (%) 01.70 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2C , Basophils (#) 00.04 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2D - Basophils (%) 00.60 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2E . Atypical Lymphocytes (#) 00.11 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$2F /
Atypical Lymphocytes
(%)
01.49 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$30 0 Large Immature Cells (#) 00.03 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$31 1 Large Immature Cells (%) 00.43 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$32 2 RBC 04.64 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$33 3 Hgb 14.17 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$34 4 Hct 43.95 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$35 5 MCV 94.68 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$36 6 MCH 30.53 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$37 7 MCHC 32.24 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$38 8 RDW 12.98 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3B ; Reticulocytes (#) 0656 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3C < Reticulocytes (%) 01.41 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3D = Reticulocytes Low (%) 80.34 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3E > Reticulocytes Median (%) 14.96 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$3F ? Reticulocytes High (%) 04.90 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$40 @ PLT 00401 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$41 A MPV 07.94 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$42 B THT 0.318 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$43 C PDW 13.50 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$47 G Retic Immatures 00.02 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$48 H Mean fluorescent index (%)
17.97 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$49 I Mean reticulocyte vol. 107.5 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$4A J Corrected ret. count (%) 01.38 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1
$4C L IRF .0500 2+String(7)+1 2+String(10)+1

从上述不难看出,不管什么系列的ABX血球,其相同项目的开始符相同,根据这个原则,可以开发出一个只有一套程序但可应付不同型号的LIS软件。

下面是更重要的旗标提示,也就是FLAG:

$50 P WBC or LMG L1 M1 M2 G1 G2 G3 2+12+1
$51 Q Differential CO MB LL NL MN LN RM RN NO NE LB Ll1 2+25+1
$52 R RBC MI MA 2+4+1
$53 S Plt Pc Sc Mc 2+6+1
$66 f WBC balance BASO or WBC1 or WBC2 and Lmne+ or Lmne - and BASO+ or BASO - 2+14+1
$67 g General Mp Xb Xr (Xb Xr not transmitted by Pentra 80/80XL)2+6+1
$68 h Reticulocytes Low Las Pit Fit Nrbc 2+16+1
$A2 I RUOs RUO message (20) 2+76+1

同样,ABX的病理学分析软件功能也很强大,同样通过串口传送,识别代码如下:

                                 P120使用                 非120使用
$54 T WBC String of characters 2+((12(max.)x(4+1))-1)+1 2+(12(max.)x4)+1
$55 U RBC String of characters 2+((7(max.)x(4+1))-1)+1 2+(7(max.)x4)+1
$56 V PLT String of characters 2+((4(max.)x(4+1))-1)+1 2+(4(max.)x4)+1
$69 i RET String of characters 2+((2(max.)x(4+1))-1)+1 2+(2(max.)x4)+1

这些都是标准文本字符,只要建立一个数据库翻译一下就可以在中文报告上显示出来。

7.jpg
8.jpg
例如,$54 T在上传的PENTRA数据中显示LEU+或者LEU-则对应病理学信息是Leukocytosis或Leukopenia。然后把英文病理学信息翻译成中文就可以了。


看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
电话:13991827712
 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-14 19:47 | 显示全部楼层

从上面可以轻易找到几个直方图和散点图的全部代码:都是HEX16进制。

WBC直方图代码:

三分类的如下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

五分类的如下:
0A572020202A322D242B32406987D9FFDAF7D2B9B09C7A654834322E2423232024202020202020202020202020202020200D0AA0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A00D0A2020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020222320202420202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020204DA0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A0A00D

RBC直方图:

三分类如下:

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

五分类如下:

0A582020202020202020202020237CFFCF98576448413F494C67695037283527202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200D0A2020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020F8F2ECE0D3C1AEA2958F837C706A645D514B3E3838322C2C263030303031303030303030303030303030343930303030303030323830303030303030303030303130303030303030300D

WBC/BASO直方图:

0A5A202020202020202020202020202F292D2B2827292324232121212020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200D0A5B20303030303033433036303031373031323835414146464245464645393432393330303030303030303030303030303032303030303020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200D0A303030303030323030303032303030303030303130303030303030303030303030323030303030303032343230303030303030313030303030303030303030303030303030303130303031303030303020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200D

LMNE散点图:

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

看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
电话:13991827712
 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-15 00:55 | 显示全部楼层

下面举实例说明图形解析:

8.jpg
这是我刚做的一个标本,这个标本大概最少有一个星期了,WBC计数部分的电磁阀应该更换了,但还没有到货,于是就做成了这个样子。

我们先来看PLT直方图:

从0A57还是128位加0D回车结束,代码为0A592020202020202020202020253C597592AECBE83FFFFFF3E8D6C5BAB4AEA9A3988C81706459595359534D48423C363636363631312B2B2B252525252520202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020200D0A0D

简单的办法就是把它导入到EXCEL表中,这是16进制的HEX数据,要转换成10进制才可识别,0A59和最后的0D不转换成10进制,EXCELL当中采用VB函数,16进制转10进制的函数是=HEX2DEC(),其余的语言有其不同的函数。导入并转换完成后形成下面的样子:

  plt数据转换.jpg
转换完成后,我们把B列绘图,形成下面的样子:

  plt未修正.jpg
可以看出,有两个问题,第一是峰值区突然出现向下的曲线,第二是结束区突然有上升点。第一点有点儿莫名其妙,怀疑是传送的时候丢包所致,重新传送了5次,才明白是接收时误加了回车符OD 。下图是修正后的结果:

  plt修正1.jpg.jpg
我们在来看第二个问题。很多LIS软件都出现这个问题,而我今天随便解析了一个居然也是这个问题。那么我们分析一下,这个位置是结束位,代码是0D0A。那么我们应该把这两位也去掉才是。实际上,不需要128位全读的,少读2-4个点无妨的,但前面不要少读了,否则起点位置就不对了。也就是说应该以0D0A结束才是,事实是否如此,我们还要继续证明,这是完全修正后的结果:

  plt修正.jpg
上图,不仅修正了结束位,还调整了长宽比,基本上与原图没有差异了。

坐标和界标前面已经说过了,这里就不再重复了。

其实,在真正编程当中,远没有这么复杂,一般直接读取HEX代码,将代码存入数据库字段,随用随取。这是最理想也是最少占空间的做法。但鉴于开发人员业务水平,各种方法都有,有直接写成位图保存成BMP格式的图片存在单独的目录里面,在数据库内仅仅挂接一个链接;也就直接存入数据库OLE字段中。目前编程语言很多,但大都有类似的过程或者方法,下面给出了一个在程序中显示位图的方法:首先调用FileToString方法将位图文件转化字符串,FileToString方法首先调用FileToBytes将位图转化为字节数组,然后调用HexEncoding将字节数组转化为字符串,然后再调用StringToBitmap方法将字符串转化为位图。各种语言方法和过程或者函数的名称用法语句各不相同,一般用什么语言看什么书吧。我们自然不用这么复杂,因为已经转换成字符串了。当然,也有自行编程的,很聪明的做法,识别非0字符,不为0,就描点,这在散点图运用上非常有用。

这是六楼的没有修正的三分类红细胞直方图:

rbc.jpg

下图是节选的三分类直方图的未修正示意图:

wbc.jpg

lmne.jpg
看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
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 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-21 21:04 | 显示全部楼层

这是两个标本,不去管结果准确性如何,单从数据接收分析的角度分析

原始格式.jpg
这里两个标本号分别为6和7

下面是接收到的带有RAW格式的全部文档:

660raw.txt (17.46 KB, 下载次数: 123)


661raw.txt (16.67 KB, 下载次数: 98)
下面开始分析,想学习的可以对照练习。

接收数据标本号为6的结果解释
HEXASCII含义位数实例ASCII实际报告备注
   ..15110. 头文件号
  .. RESULT. 数据类型,RESULT表示测试结果,还有重做结果,质控高中低结果,乳胶颗粒结果等等
0A21!WBC  2+String(7)+1.! 08.01.8.0.按照小数点后面两位入库,读取的时候小数点后读一位,第二位四舍五入
0A22"Lymphocytes (#)2+String(7)+1." 01.31.1.31 
0A23#Lymphocytes (%)2+String(7)+1.# 16.30 l.16.3 l带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为l
0A24$Monocytes (#) 2+String(7)+1.$ 00.01 l.0.1 L带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为L
0A25%Monocytes (%) 2+String(7)+1.% 00.10 L.0.01 l带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为L
0A28(Neutrophils (#)2+String(7)+1.( 02.73.2.73 
0A29)Neutrophils (%) 2+String(7)+1.) 34.10 L.34.1 L带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为L
0A2A*Eosinophils (#) 2+String(7)+1.* 00.31.0.31 
0A2B+Eosinophils (%)2+String(7)+1.+ 03.90.3.9 
0A2C,Basophils (#) 2+String(7)+1., 03.65 H.3.65 H带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为H
0A2D-Basophils (%) 2+String(7)+1.- 45.60 H.45.6 H带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为H
0A2E.Atypical Lymphocytes (#)2+String(7)+1.. 00.00.0.00. 
0A2F/Atypical Lymphocytes (%)2+String(7)+1./ 00.04.0.0.按照小数点后面两位入库,读取的时候小数点后读一位,第二位四舍五入
0A300Large Immature Cells (#) 2+String(7)+1.0 00.07.0.07 
0A311Large Immature Cells (%) 2+String(7)+1.1 00.94.0.9实数入库,读取小数点后1位,小数点后2位四舍五入,
0A322RBC 2+String(7)+1.2 04.60.4.60. 
0A333Hgb2+String(7)+1.3 14.52.145HGB结果乘10后入库,读取整数,小数点四舍五入
0A344Hct 2+String(7)+1.4 33.58 l.0.336 l除100后入库,读取小数点后三位,第四位以后四舍五入,带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为l
0A355MCV 2+String(7)+1.5 72.99 l.73 l实数入库,读取整数,小数点后四舍五入,带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为l
0A366MCH 2+String(7)+1.6 31.57.31.6实数入库,读取小数点后1位,小数点后2位四舍五入,
0A377MCHC 2+String(7)+1.7 43.25 H.433 H乘100入库,读取整数,小数点后四舍五入。带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为H
0A388RDW 2+String(7)+1.8 20.74 h.20.7 H实数入库,读取小数点后1位,小数点后2位四舍五入,带二位提示,第一位为空格,第二位为h
0A40@PLT 2+String(7)+1.@ 00250.250 
0A41AMPV2+String(7)+1.A 08.06.8.1实数入库,读取小数点后1位,小数点后2位四舍五入
0A42BTHT /PCT2+String(7)+1.B 0.201.0.201 
0A43CPDW2+String(7)+1.C 15.00.15.0.实数入库,读取小数点后1位,小数点后2位四舍五入
注:0A加21-43的字符为前两位,后面7位分别是空格一位也就是20,加5位数字,直接读取ASCII即可,这样如果没有提示符号的话就是2+6+回车也就是0D。如果有提示符号,就是空格加5位数字加两位提示再加回车。提示符号的对照看下表。

看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
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 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-21 21:07 | 显示全部楼层

以上项目数据分析仅举例了6号标本,7号标本没有举例。

下面是提示的含义解释

提示符号对照(2位)
第一位
ASCIIHEX含义 
空格20不读,表示结果正常范围 
R52*号,表示结果不可信 
B42!号,表示结果有疑问 
 不读,表示正常范围值 
第二位
ASCIIHEX含义 
L4CL号,表示结果超过危机值下限或B
l6Cl号,表示结果超过正常值下限或b
H48H号,表示结果超过危机值上限 
h68h号,表示结果超过正常值上限 
 不读,表示正常范围值 

接下来就是旗标和病理信息的解释

旗标及病理信息代码
HEXASCII解释长度实例数据备注
0A50PWBC or LMG L1 M1 M2 G1 G2 G32+12+1.P.
0A51QDifferential CO MB LL NL MN LN RM RN NO NE LB Ll12+25+1.Q.
0A52RRBC MI MA2+4+1.R.
0A53SPlt Pc Sc Mc2+6+1.S.
0A66fWBC balance BASO or WBC1 or WBC2 and Lmne+ or Lmne - and BASO+ or BASO -      2+14+1
0A67gGeneral Mp Xb Xr (Xb Xr not transmitted by Pentra 80/80XL)2+6+1
0A68hReticulocytes Low Las Pit Fit Nrbc2+16+1
0AA2IRUOs RUO message (20)2+76+1
0A54TWBC String of characters2+(12(max.)x4)+1.T NEU- BAS+.对应Neutropenia和Basophilia病理信息
0A55URBC String of characters2+(7(max.)x4)+1.U CAGG.对应Cold agglutinin病理信息
0A56VPLT String of characters2+(4(max.)x4)+1.V.
0A69iRET String of characters2+(2(max.)x4)+1

看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
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 楼主| 郑振寰 发表于 2007-12-21 21:36 | 显示全部楼层

再往下就是直方图和散点图了,我做了6、7号标本的解释,做成PDF文件,看一下。

  diff项目格式1.pdf (157.83 KB, 下载次数: 241)


接下来就是界标线了。

6号标本界标提示

.] 002 007 120 000 000.

.^ 023 048.

._ 098.

.` 017 062 120.

.a 015 018 048 026 118 022 075 078 090 070 090 123 033 078 051 002 002 002.

7号标本界标提示


.] 002 007 120 000 000.

.^ 023 048.

._ 098.

.` 017 062 120.

.a 015 018 048 026 118 022 075 078 090 070 090 123 033 082 051 002 002 002.

可以看出6号和7号的界标几乎完全一样,唯一的区别就是LMNE的倒数第5个,也就是NE这条线,本身这条线在ABX设计上就是浮动界标,每次不一样也是正常的。

LMNE的界标前12个表示:NoL, NoN, NoE, LN,RN, LL, AL, LMU, LMD, LMN, MN, RM这12个横轴坐标,后三个表示NL,NE, RMN.三个纵轴坐标,最后三个表示FNE, FMN, FLN三个虚线坐标,总共18个界标提示。

先来看WBC的.] 002 007 120 000 000.界标,都是用偏移量表示的。画上界标后的结果如下:

 6号标本wBC界标 6-wbc界标.jpg
7号标本WBC界标 7-wbc界标.jpg

RBC界标:.^ 023 048.

6号标本RBC界标 6-rbc界标.jpg
7号标本RBC界标 7-rbc界标.jpg
看贴要回是本分,有问必答是人才,解决问题回贴是公德.
医疗设备维修.维修咨询(请尽可能在论坛提问),协助维修,上门服务.
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